There are various features and styles that are often applied in academic writing. To understand the specific features and styles of academic writing, it is necessary to first define this concept. Ideally, academic writing is some form of expression that academicians and researchers use for purposes of defining the intellectual boundaries that are related to their disciplines and areas of expertise.
Academic writing is linear. This implies that it has got one central theme or point. Every part of the writing process significantly contributes to the primary line of the argument. In most cases, academic writing is complex, objective, formal, hedged, explicit, and responsible
When it comes to the types of academic writing, there are four main categories. These are analytical, descriptive, critical, and persuasive. Each of these categories of writing tends to have some specific purposes and language features.
Like any other type of writing, academic writing serves a number of purposes. Whenever someone communicates ideas through academic writing, he or she does so for purposes of self-expression, to inform the reader, to persuade or even to create some literary work.
Features in Context
Complexity: Academic writing is more complex than other forms of writing. The information presented in this type of writing is often used to convey complex ideas to scholars and academics in different disciplines.
Formality: This type of writing is tends to be quite formal. The use of colloquial expressions and words is prohibited. The conversational tone is also not recommended.
Precision: In this type of writing, figures and facts must be presented precisely.
Objectivity: The writing language that is used in academic writing is objective as opposed to being personal. It has very few words referring to the reader or writer. A lot of the emphasis should be on the information to be presented and the arguments to be made.
Accuracy: The use of vocabulary has to be very accurate when it comes to academic writing. It tends to get over the rules of general English to encompass a wide range of elements that are related to language and writing.
Responsibility: Anyone doing academic writing must be able to show a high level of responsibility. In the process of writing, one must be able to offer evidence and appropriate justification for any claims he or she makes. Someone is also held responsible for the source texts that they are using.
Organization: One of the main requirements of academic writing is that it has to be organized in the most effective way. It should flow quite easily from a section to the other in the most logical way. This calls for a good understanding of the genre someone is writing about.
Style of Academic Writing
It is important to understand the main objective of academic writing is to inform as opposed to entertaining. It is generally considered the standard language of writing. It is always important to write in an academic style when going through the process of academic writing. Scholars propose the use of the third person in writing academic papers, theses, and even dissertations. This helps in the process of making the writing more effective.
Here are some basic guidelines regarding the process of writing in an academic style.
Create a confident and objective voice
Use of the third person is highly recommended within this context. The good thing about the third person is that it enables the writer to show that they are being objective in this process. The other issue to take note of in this case is about the use of tenses. The writer must be able to demonstrate if what he or she is talking about happened in the past or in the present.
Use appropriate language for purpose and audience
Contrary to common perceptions, academic writing does not necessarily have to be very complicated. However, it has to consider an aspect of formality. The choice of words in this context should be well considered in a careful manner. Writers are advised to avoid the use of informal words as much as possible.
Be concise and clear
It is important to try and keep words simple at all times. This means that every word must count in this process. It is also advisable to avoid any vague phrases or words.
Use language in a sensitive way
It is not advisable to express very strong opinions directly in academic writing. This type of writing is more focused towards the discussion at hand. Lastly, writers are advised not to stereotype or make any assumptions.
If you want to succeed in academic writing, these are guidelines that you simply cannot overlook regardless of the situation.